Bike Safety 101
Cyclists, Check Your Equipment
- The seat should be adjusted to the proper height and locked in place
- Make certain all parts are secure and working properly
- Check that the tires are inflated properly
- Make sure the bike is equipped with reflectors on the rear, front, pedals and spokes
- A horn or bell, a rear-view mirror and a bright headlight also are recommended
Plan to Be Seen
Make certain drivers can see you.
- Wear neon, fluorescent or other bright clothing
- Whenever possible, ride during the day
- If you must ride at night, wear reflective clothing and use flashing lights
Wear a Helmet
Helmets appropriate for bicycling should be worn by everyone – adults and children – on every bike ride regardless of length of the ride. Make certain the helmet is certified by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Follow these Guidelines from NHTSA (PDF) to properly fit the helmet:
- Adjust sizing pads or fit ring until the helmet is snug
- Position the helmet level on your head, covering the forehead and not tipped backward or forward; this will be about one to two finger widths above the eyebrow
- Adjust the side straps so they form a “V” shape under and slightly in front of your ears
- Center the buckle on the chin strap under your chin
- Buckle and tighten the chin strap until it is snug; no more than one to two fingers should be able to fit between the chin and strap
- When fitted, the helmet should not rock more than 1 inch side to side or front to back on your head
Follow the Rules of the Road
Stay safe by following these Rules of the Road for Riding Safely (PDF):
- Get acquainted with traffic laws; bicyclists must follow the same rules as motorists
- Ride single-file in the direction of traffic
- Remain alert, keep your head up and look around; watch for opening car doors and other hazards
- Use hand signals when turning and use extra care at intersections
- Download our Hand Signals (PDF)
- Never hitch onto cars
- Before entering traffic, stop and look left, right, left again and over your shoulder
Videos en Espanol
Puedes encontrar estos videos en español en YouTube.
Bike Safety for Kids
Print out this fun coloring page (PDF) to teach kids the basics of bike safety!
Bike riding is a lot of fun, but accidents happen. Every year, lots of kids need to see their doctor or go to the emergency room because of bike injuries.
Wearing a helmet that fits well every time you’re on a bike helps protect your face, head, and brain if you fall. That’s why it’s so important to wear your bike helmet whenever you are on a bike.
Bike helmets are so important that the U.S. government has created safety rules for them. Your helmet should have a sticker that says it meets the rules set by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). If your helmet doesn’t have a CPSC sticker, ask your parent about getting you one that does.
Wear a bike helmet every time you ride, even if you’re going for a short ride. And follow these rules:
- Make sure your bike helmet fits you well.
- Always wear your helmet the right way so it will protect you: Make sure it covers your forehead and don’t let it tip back. Always fasten the straps.
- Don’t wear a hat under your helmet.
- Take care of your helmet and don’t throw it around. If it’s damaged, it won’t protect you as well when you need it.
- Get a new helmet if you fall while you’re on your bike and hit your head.
- Put reflective stickers on your helmet so drivers can see you better.
Riding a bike that is the right size for you helps to keep you safe. If you go to a bike store, ask the people who work there to help you get the right fit. In general, your feet should easily touch the ground as you sit on the seat and your legs shouldn’t be too bent when you pedal.
Making a safety checklist is important. Ask your parent for help:
- Make sure your seat, handlebars, and wheels fit tightly.
- Check and oil your chain regularly.
- Check your brakes to be sure they work well and aren’t sticking.
- Check your tires to make sure they have enough air and the right amount of tire pressure.
Wearing bright clothes and putting reflectors on your bike also can help you stay safe. It helps other people on the road see you. And if they see you, that means they’re less likely to run into you.
You’ll also want to make sure that nothing will get caught in your bike chain, such as loose pant legs, backpack straps, or shoelaces.
Wear the right shoes — sneakers — when you bike. Sandals, flip-flops, shoes with heels, and cleats won’t help you grip the pedals. And never go riding barefoot!
Riding gloves may help you grip the handlebars — and make you look like a professional!
Don’t use music devices that could distract you from noises around you, such as a car blowing its horn so you can get out of the way.
Don’t text or use a cellphone while riding. You need to watch where you’re going and look out for cars, people, and other bikes.
You need to check with your mom or dad about:
- Where you’re allowed to ride your bike.
- How far you’re allowed to go.
- Whether you should ride on the sidewalk or in the street. Kids younger than 10 years should ride on the sidewalk and avoid the street.
- Common things that can get in the way like rocks, children or pets, and big puddles.
No matter where you ride, daytime riding is the safest. So try to avoid riding your bike once it starts getting dark.
And always keep an eye out for cars and trucks. Even if you’re just riding on the sidewalk, a car may pull out of its driveway into the path of your bike. When you cross a busy road, walk your bike across the street.
If you’re allowed to ride on the street, follow these road rules:
- Always ride with your hands on the handlebars.
- Always stop and check for traffic in both directions when leaving your driveway, an alley, or a curb.
- Cross at intersections. When you pull out between parked cars, drivers can’t see you coming.
- Walk your bike across busy intersections using the crosswalk and following traffic signals.
- Ride on the right-hand side of the street, so you travel in the same direction as cars do. Never ride against traffic.
- Use bike lanes wherever you can.
- Don’t ride too close to parked cars. Doors can open suddenly.
- Stop at all stop signs and obey traffic (red) lights just as cars do.
- Ride single-file on the street with friends.
- When passing other bikers or people on the street, always pass to their left side, and call out “On your left!” so they know that you are coming.
Hand signals are like turn signals and brake lights for bikers. It helps cars and trucks know what you will do next so they don’t run into you. Don’t change directions or lanes without first looking behind you, and always use the correct signals.
Use your left arm for all signals:
- Left turn: After checking behind you, hold your arm straight out to the left and ride forward slowly.
- Stop: After checking behind you, bend your elbow, pointing your arm downward in an upside down “L” shape and come to a stop.
- Right turn: After checking behind you, bend your elbow, holding your arm up in an “L” shape, and ride forward slowly. (Or, hold your right arm straight out from your side.)
Now that you’ve learned those hand signals, you get a big thumbs-up for finding out more about bike safety!